About the properties of shungite - Silver Türk, the microbiologist of Tartu University

Šungiidivee kann

Which are the potential methods of use of fullerene in biomedicine? 

As to the general background, the introduction of innovations in medicine is today very slow, cautious and expensive. During the World War II penicillin was fast introduced. Soldiers healed – this was a very positive experience.
In the fifties and sixties thalidomide was introduced. The pregnant users of it gave birth to more than ten thousand children with malformation – this was a very negative experience. Today there is a golden time for creating regulations, at the same time the importance of research and development work has decreased. It is known about fullerenes that they could have antioxidative and pro-oxidative impact. The pro-oxidant impact can be generated with laser radiation and if the effect is powerful, it can be used in destruction of something, as there have been indications in the laboratory that this can be used for example in cancer treatment. 
The antioxidant impact lies biologically in practical sense probably foremost in that this is (1) intense, (2) functions mainly as catalyst (is not falling apart as a result of reaction) and (3) gets to mitochondrials with intensive actions: the protons and electrons are moved, oxygen reacts to energy carriers (mainly food), among others important molecules water, carbon dioxide, energy molecule ATP and some free radicals as side product are generated (the specificity of which is reduced by the fact that the inflowing ordinary oxygen O2 is also a free radical and somehow “double-barrelled“, as it has two  unpaired electrons).
It has been found that the molecule of fullerene sticks to the tumour-necrosis factor molecule creating infection and HIV protease molecule.
The first application means that this is the candidate for anti-inflammatory medicine, the second means that it could become a medicine helping to avoid the incurrence of AIDS by HIV-positive patients.
Any other molecules can be actually attached to fullerene molecule which could help the fullerene to better or worse reach where necessary or do whatever is required, e.g. to reach cancer cell and generate more free radicals when radiated with laser.

Which surveys are confirming it?

Fullerenes are mainly tested by animals, tumours of mice etc, but beyond medical system fullerenes are used in cosmetics, in the composition of anti-wrinkle oil.

The latest researches proved that the lifetime of test rats extended by about twice upon the co-impact of fullerene and olive oil.


How was the survey carried out and which were the results? 

The survey under question was published in 2012 in the magazine Biomaterials by Baat and colleagues. The test substance was olive oil with fullerenes, 50 micrograms of fullerene C60 with 99.98% specification of purity in ten millilitre of virgin olive oil. The tested animals were rats of Wistar breed. A millilitre of oil was daily given to ten-month old rats within a week, thereafter once a week up to the end of month and then once within two weeks up to the seventeenth month.
The rats received either pure olive oil, olive oil with fullerenes or extra water instead of oil up to the seventeenth month of the survey. All rats that did not get olive oil by the thirty eighth month of the survey were all dead. 2/3 of the rats having received olive oil and all rats who received olive oil with fullerenes were alive. The first rats having received olive oil with fullerenes started to die only in the sixtieth month, after the last rats having received olive oil had died. Death arrived in the same half-year and no diseases could be detected. The olive oil with fullerenes can extend the lifetime of rats up to 90%, at the same time olive oil extended life by only 18%. Additional tests were conducted, it was found that fullerene protects liver from the impact of toxic chemical (tetrachloromethane), but makes the body parts darker (this is substance similar to soot). It is worth mentioning that rats did not die of cancer.

You have also examined the properties of shungite. What exactly and how? Which were the results?

First about bacteria under examination. E. coli is an ordinary human intestinal rod, but also bacillus. Some stems are useful, even probiotic, the others though cause cystic infection and nephritis, bloody or less bloody diarrhoea. S. uberis causes mastitis. P. aeruginosa is not specially causing diseases, but if it does it, then often hazardous and it is very difficult to get rid of it.
I discovered that if these bacteria are put into shungite water, they do not last long and die. This effect is not any reduction of concentration by ten, hundred or thousand times, the impact is more powerful, as control-solution, i.e. water included hundreds of thousands of generators of microbe foci per millilitre at the other similar terms. At the same time shungite is not an antibiotic which works on the growing bacteria also at the presence of food. If you put half of feed of bacteria and half of shungite water, bacteria grow well and the impact on the sensitivity of antibiotics does not exist or is trivial. As regards the speed of arrival of impact, the anti-coli bacteria impact appeared already within two hours, slower in case of pseudomonas. 

What is the impact on the person when drinking shungite water? Are you drinking or would you drink shungite water, why?

I have tasted and drunk shungite water for the purpose of test, it is quite drinkable as to taste. I would drink it with pleasure for the purpose of scientific testing. Is it useful or hazardous?
I think that yes – as to bacteria it is clear that it has an impact that is hazardous to some bacteria and some other even useful, although this increase in number of bacteria by about 20% was not statistically relevant. Strong impact was detected against coli bacteria, generator of mastitis and pseudomonas.

How to use shungite besides drinking shungite water?

Shungite is used in water filters and it really works like that based on scientific literature. I am using it as the material of scientific-technological experiments. I believe that people could also observe, test and compare, e.g. take the vase, put ordinary water to one and shungite water to another and see how the flowers are blooming, is there any difference. It would be even better to test in the aquarium.